References & Conclusion

References & Conclusion


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  9. Felippe WT, Felippe MC, Rocha MJ. The effect of mineral trioxide aggregate on the apexification and periapical healing of teeth with incomplete root formation. Int Endod J 2006;39(1):2-9.
  10. Endodontists AAo. Considerations for Regenerative Procedures. 2013  [cited 2013 February 4, 2013]; Available from:
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  13. da Silva LA, Nelson-Filho P, da Silva RA, Flores DS, Heilborn C, Johnson JD, et al. Revascularization and periapical repair after endodontic treatment using apical negative pressure irrigation versus conventional irrigation plus triantibiotic intracanal dressing in dogs’ teeth with apical periodontitis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2010;109(5):779-787.
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  18. Tomson PL, Grover LM, Lumley PJ, Sloan AJ, Smith AJ, Cooper PR. Dissolution of bio-active dentine matrix components by mineral trioxide aggregate. J Dent 2007;35(8):636-642.
  19. Laureys WG, Cuvelier CA, Dermaut LR, De Pauw GA. The critical apical diameter to obtain regeneration of the pulp tissue after tooth transplantation, replantation, or regenerative endodontic treatment. J Endod 2013;39(6):759-763.
  20. Andreasen JO, Paulsen HU, Yu Z, Bayer T. A long-term study of 370 autotransplanted premolars. Part IV. Root development subsequent to transplantation. Eur. J. Orthod. 1990;12(1):38-50.
  21. Hemalatha H, Sandeep M, Kulkarni S, Yakub SS. Evaluation of fracture resistance in simulated immature teeth using Resilon and Ribbond as root reinforcements–an in vitro study. Dent Traumatol 2009;25(4):433-438.
  22. Desai S, Chandler N. The restoration of permanent immature anterior teeth, root filled using MTA: a review. J Dent 2009;37(9):652-657.



About the Authors

  • Ryan W. Baker, DDS, MSD is an Endodontist in private practice in Avondale, Arizona.
  • Ahmed Ghoneima BDS, MSc, PhD, Orthodontics & Oral Facial Genetics, IUSD.
  • Kenneth J. Spolnik, DDS, MSD Diplomate of ABE, Chair and Program Director, Endodontics, IUSD.
  • Ygal Ehrlich, DMD Research Director Endodontics, Assistant Clinical Professor of Endodontics, IUSD. Dr. Ehrlich can be reached at



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